If a bond approval is included as a suspensive condition in an offer to purchase, does this conclude the terms ans conditions thereof?

Posted On Tuesday, 23 April 2019 14:23 Published by
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In most cases when a person purchases a property, he will have to apply for a mortgage loan and this would be written into the offer to purchase as a suspensive condition, giving a certain time frame for the bond to be obtained by the bank and accepted by the buyer.


What happens, though, if all seems fine, until the bank sends their quotation through to the buyer and he finds the interest rate is too high or the amount they are willing to finance is too low in terms of the loan to value? Either of these scenarios would possibly make the property unaffordable to him or an unacceptable proposition, says Michael Bauer, managing director of property company SAProperty.com.

Could the buyer protect himself by including the condition that, apart from the sale being subject to his bond being obtained with acceptable terms to the buyer at his sole discretion, that it has to be at a favourable interest rate and the full amount needed?

If a bank approves a home loan, the approval is given “In Principle”, meaning that their conditions must be met for the full amount to be granted or favourable interest rate to be offered. The property will be valued prior to finalising the loan to ensure that it holds its worth against the amount to be borrowed, and once they do find value, they will send a quotation to the buyer offering him x amount at x interest rate. The four major banks’ loan to value requirements differ slightly, but in most cases 100% bonds are still very difficult to obtain. It is best, therefore, to ask a bond originator to “shop around” for the best deal possible, says Bauer.

To protect himself, the buyer could add the additional requirement to the suspensive condition in his offer, so that he is protected and knows that he only has to accept if the bank’s offer is favourable. If this is included, says Bauer, the buyer can walk away from the deal with no repercussions.

It has to be remembered, too, that if the bank conditions are different to what was written in the offer to purchase, that the OTP needs to change, and once the buyer signs the changed offer, he is bound by this contract to fulfil his obligations. The attorney will request the difference be paid in full by a certain date, and while the buyer may request an extension, if he doesn’t fulfil this, he can be put to terms.

“It is important to be absolutely sure that the offered amount is fully affordable, and that, if the bank doesn’t lend the amount needed, that you do not overextend yourself in trying to obtain the finance needed,” says Bauer. “Rather walk away and either reconsider the type of property, the amount to buy for (which sometimes just needs an adjustment in area or a slight compromise in size) or wait until a bigger deposit has been saved. This would increase the chances of getting an offer accepted as well as make the property purchase less stressful (in terms of finance).”

Last modified on Tuesday, 23 April 2019 14:30

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